Bodrum is a city of incredible rich history situated on the south western promontory of the mainland Turkey. So I try to have this important historical city on my tours.
The first inhabitants were the native Carians then in 7 C BC colonist Dorians from Peloponnese, mainland Greece, came and settled in and around the Bodrum harbor. The two races mixed, cultures blended to become the people of Halicarnassus. The teenaged son of Aphrodite, the Goddess of Beauty, was said to have spent a day swimming in a lake formed by the fountain. Salmacis, the nymph of the lake, fell in love with him and begged the gods to allow them to live together in a single body. They granted her wish, creating the half-man half-woman figure of Hermaphrodite.
Today, Bodrum is an internationally famed tourism center; rich in history and natural beauty; hot sun and turquoise waters blended with plenty leisure activity, yachting, trekking, etc. During the years of the Persians expansion in Asia Minor the Halicarnassus came under the Persian domination in 546 BC. They set a satrapy in the region and Halicarnassus was its capital city.
The most prominent member of the satraps was Mausolus who ruled Caria between the years 377 to 353 BC. After his death Artemisia, who were both his wife and the sister, built one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World that is the Mausoleum of Mausolus. Halicarnassus was also credited to own the father of history, Herodotus who lived in the years, 484-420 BC.
Around 1402 Crusader Knights arrived to consolidate their position in the eastern Mediterranean. They used the remains of the earth quake struck Mauseoleum to built today's Bodrum Crusader Castle (or Castle of Saint Peter). What is left over was found its way to the British Museum in London.
After Tamerlane had defeated Ottoman armies near Ankara in 1402, also destroyed the Knights Hospitallers castle in Izmir, then Ottoman sultan Mehmed I gave permission to the knights of Rhodes to build their Castle in Bodrum.
From the remains of the Halicarnassus monument one lion statue is in the archeology museum.
"Near the entrance is a statue of a lion representing the only piece saved from the clutches of British archaeologists from the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus." Frommer's Review