History of Mardin is very shattered among the ruling powers of the past. Mardin, being a frontier city was the battle ground between the armies of Romans and Parthians. In turn Byzantines and Sassanids.
After Christian powers, rulers of Islam engaged in warsfor the control of the city. After Abbasids dynasty in Baghdat, Turkish Seljuks were the dominant rulers. In the following centuries the city changed handsamongst mainly Islamic minor rulers. One important war lord to mention here is the greatest generalSelahaddinEyyubi around 12th C. When Tamerlane occupied Anatolia he also occupied Mardinfor a while. Finally Ottomans captured the city during the rule of Suleyman the Magnificent in 1534.
Fortress in Mardin is large enough to shelter the whole population of the city.
A city of a mixture of cultures and religions; azan and gong.