Sanliurfa or antique name Edessa, this is a city of great religious and historical importance. You can find many Islamic pilgrimage sites and this has led Urfa to be called the city of prophecy and prophets. This fame comes from a legend saying that the Patriarch Abraham was born in a cave here. According to the Bible he stayed at Harran, 50 km(31 miles)south. The cave, and other legendary locations alike, are visited annually by hundred of thousands of Muslim pilgrims. Walking tour through streets of Urfa is a great experience for those with interests in eastern culture. While in Urfa have time to see Dergah, the holly pilgrimage centre; ramble medieval bazaar. Plus the Throne of king Nimrod, the fortress with a sacred pool at its footing; the little museum; and cluster of fine old houses. The spring or Autumn are the best time of the year to have your visit as summers are hot .
You can fly by Turkish Airlines twice weekly from Istanbul to Sanliurfa and also daily from Ankara. Other public services may not be comfortable in the hot summer months. No trains are available.
From islamic sources
The decision to burn Ibrahim to death was affirmed by the priests and the king of Babylon, Nimrod. The news spread like a fire in the kingdom, and people were coming from all places to watch the execution. A huge pit was dug up and a large quantity of wood was piled up. Then the biggest fire people ever witnessed was lit. The fire flames were so high up in the sky that the birds could not fly over it for fear of being burned! Ibrahim's hands and feet were chained, and he was put in a catapult to throw him into the fire. At that time, Angel Jibreel came to him and said: "O Ibrahim! Is there anything you wish for?" Ibrahim could have asked to be saved from the fire, to be taken away, but no, he said: "I only wish that Allah be pleased with me." The catapult was released, and Ibrahim was thrown in the heart of the fire. But Allah would not allow His Prophet to be killed, He ordered the fire: "O fire! Be coolness and safety for Ibrahim!" And the miracle happened. The fire obeyed and burned only his chains. Ibrahim came out from it as if he was coming out from a garden, peaceful, his face illuminated, and not a trace of smoke on his clothes. People watched in shock and said: "Amazing! Ibrahim's God has saved him from the fire!" Only a woman named Sarah and a man named Lot believed in Allah, and followed Ibrahim. He realized that nobody else would listen to him, and decided to emigrate for the cause of Allah, and to spread His Message elsewhere. Before leaving, he tried once again to convert his father to Islam, but to no avail. Ibrahim said to his father and his people: "We are free of you and of whatever you worship besides Allah. We have rejected you and there has arisen between us and you enmity and hatred forever unless you believe in Allah and Him alone."
Ibrahim,Lot and Sarah started their long travel. They crossed Babylon, went through Syria and Palestine calling people to Allah, helping the poor and doing good deeds. By that time Ibrahim married Sarah. Their hope was to have children who would spread the Message of Allah after their death. As for Lot, he emigrated to the land of Sodom and settled there.